What is the government of less developed countries and does it have something to do with their slow progress? For this experiment I have picked 2 countries close to each other on the gross domestic product list of Wikipedia for 2011. These 2 countries are located in Africa and Asia. I am talking about Niger and Mongolia.
Niger is a semi-presidential republic. A semi-presidential republic is a political regime where the president has genuine executive authority in contrast to the Parliamentary republic. Particularly in Niger’s case, the president is head of state and the prime-minister – head of government. The legislative power in Niger is held by the government and the national assembly. Niger’s population is 16,2 million people. The total gross domestic product for Niger for 2011 is $11,6 billion which ranks it at 141st place.
Mongolia is a Parliamentary republic. It has the same political regime as Germany, Austria and many others. I will try to explain simply what means a Parliamentary republic. In such political regime, the president has a symbolic role. He is elected by the people but his tasks are mostly diplomatic. He has the power to veto a Parliament’s decision but it can be overruled by two-thirds of the majority vote. Mongolia’s population is 3 million people. The total gross domestic product for Mongolia for 2011 is $13,2 billion which ranks it at 135th place.
The conclusion is that certain political regime can’t guarantee the success of a country. I hope it was interesting for you to read that countries at the bottom of gross domestic product list have the same government as some countries at the top.
Author: Harutyun Derderyan